Theory of Green functions of free Dirac fermions in graphene

This work is the beginning of our research on graphene quantum electrodynamics (GQED), based on the application of the methods of traditional quantum field theory to the study of the interacting system of quantized electromagnetic field and Dirac fermions in single-layer graphene. After a brief review of the known results concerning the lattice and electronic structures of single-layer graphene we perform the construction of the quantum fields of free Dirac fermions and the establishment of the corresponding Heisenberg quantum equations of these fields. We then elaborate the theory of Green functions of Dirac fermions in a free Dirac fermion gas at vanishing absolute temperature T?=?0, the theory of Matsubara temperature Green functions and the Keldysh theory of non-equilibrium Green functions.

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